To insulate the floor at the dacha with his hands

Date: 11.10.2018, 14:34 / View: 34355

Most motorists believe that the oil filter remover is a useless tool, which, if someone should be, so only for auto service workers. Drivers who have already encountered when changing the engine oil themselves with a problem when it is impossible to unscrew the filter manually have already acquired a suitable puller. It’s not so easy to choose this tool: there are many modifications on the market, but not all of them will be suitable for servicing a particular car model.

Content Types of pullers manufactured industrially

Depending on the design features and the size of the filter, for its loosening use pullers of one kind or another. Their body or base, as a rule, is made of steel, they are protected by a matte or silver chrome finish. A number of products, if provided for by the design, have plastic lining on the handles, which greatly simplifies working with such a tool.  Tool for unscrewing the oil filter

Tool for loosening the oil filter

Almost all the pullers allow you to unscrew both the oil cleaners (hereinafter the cleaners) and the oil cups - filter covers with a removable insert. All pullers can be primarily divided into universal and designed to unscrew the filters of only one diameter or type.

Among the first to distinguish the following main types: crab; belt; chain; tape sickle and in the form of ticks; with 2 adjustable grippers. Puller with 2 adjustable grippers

Puller with 2 adjustable grippers

Their versatility is relative - not every filter can be turned off. First, because they are designed for a certain range of diameters of the cleaners, and for some pullers it is quite wide, while for others it is not very good, and secondly, because of its own design features and sizes. After all, the location and the availability of the filter on different cars are different, and therefore any tool in one engine compartment will work easily and simply, and in the other, it may be impossible at all.

Only one type of tool is considered to be a narrow profile - the “cup” oil filter remover. This name they received for their appearance, reminiscent of the eponymous kitchen appliance. The design and method of application of the cup remover

This type of puller is produced under filters of all sizes, but each individual tool is designed to unscrew the cleaners of only one diameter. Therefore, when buying a cup you need to be especially careful. This key should ideally fit the engine mounted filters. Even a difference of a few millimeters will turn a cup into a useless accessory.

Owners of car repair shops get at once the whole sets of these strippers including up to 30 keys for filters of various diameters. These kits come with a case in which the cups are conveniently laid out according to size numbers.  A set of keys

A set of keys "cup" for removing oil cleaners

The “cup” oil filter removers in their “bottom” have a square hole under the tip of the socket wrench. Some manufacturers additionally make the "bottom" hexagon - under the cap tool. Many pullers, first of all, their sets, are delivered with a tip under the hole of the “cup” on which the key is put on, and some are complete with all the necessary tools, including the cap and end ones.

Puller "cup" is worn on the ribbed top of the filter with a wide open part, on the inner circumference of which there are faces. They must match the number and size of those available on the cleaner. Otherwise, the puller will sit down loosely, and unscrewing the filter will be difficult or impossible. "Cup" is considered the most convenient tool. She herself on its own compact and with it, as a rule, it is easier to "crawl" to the filter. Moreover, a properly selected “cup” never slips relative to the circumference of the filter housing, which sometimes happens with some other types of pullers. Details of the universal "crab"

The crab remover consists of two plates, which are the body, and 3 grips installed between them. On the working surface of the paws there are notches that prevent them from slipping on the surface of the filter. The grippers are controlled by means of a clamping mechanism located in the middle of the crab body and between the swivel mounts of the legs.

The mechanism itself, as well as the puller as a whole, is driven by a special attached key - this is one of the types of design - either with a face or a cap tool, under which a corresponding tip is provided, coming out of the body. The scheme of work with the “crab” is identical to the process of unscrewing the filter with a “cup” remover. You must first fasten it on the end of the cleaner. It is in this part of the work that the “crab” is fundamentally different from the cup, which makes it universal. In the initial position, his paws are spread apart and are able to cover the filter with the maximum diameter allowed for its design.  Universal

Universal "crab" for removal of the filter element

After the grippers are hooked onto a smaller cleaner, a clamping mechanism is activated. In this case, the "crab" will be able to capture the filter, the diameter of which corresponds to the minimum allowable for the design of the puller. After the paws capture the cleaner, it is necessary to continue working with the key worn on the drive of the clamping mechanism. This will unscrew the filter. Moreover, the stronger the applied force, the more secure will be the capture of the crab's paws - slippage is excluded.

Depending on the “crab” model, it can be used to remove and install filters having a diameter in the range of 60–125 mm. This puller, like the "cup", is very good at working in a narrow and confined space. What you need to know about the rest of the pullers?

The chain oil filter puller, depending on the design, allows you to unscrew and tighten the filters with diameters of 60–140 mm. It is a handle and a chain attached to it at one end, which serves as an adjustable grip. Most pullers are equipped with a single-row chain, but there are also models with a double row. The second end of the grip, depending on the design, can be free or pass through a special groove located in the handle and having a lock.

When the first version of the puller before unscrewing the filter circuit in the tensioner is wound on its body, almost to the end. The remaining grip segment clings to the hook on the handle. After that, the puller rests on the filter and act as a lever. In the second version of the tool, a loop from a chain is already prepared, which has adjustable sizes and immediately falls upon the filter. After that, pulling the grip end passed through the groove, tighten the loop and press on the tool handle in the right direction. At the same time, the slot retainer reliably holds the chain, not allowing it to loosen the grip.  Invader with chain loop

Invader with chain loop

Belt pullers have a working diameter range in the range of 25–160 mm. They have a special belt to grip the filter, which forms a loop. It can be fixed at both ends in a square steel bar. A belt is wound on it after a loop is thrown over a filter. Then they put a suitable key on the rod and unscrew the cleaner. Another type of puller is similar in design and use to the second type of chain tool.

The working range of belts is one of the narrowest - the difference between the minimum and maximum allowable filter diameters can reach only 30 mm. They use a tape of steel or plastic, fixed by both ends on the handle and forming a loop, in which in some designs it is possible to slightly adjust the size. After covering the grip, a force is applied to the handle. and act as a lever. The density of coverage of the filter is achieved in some designs with a screw on the handle, and in the rest - due to the natural tension when unscrewing. Most pullers of this type often do not cope with too tight filters.  Filter Part Belt Remover

Filter Tape Remover

Tools crescent and in the form of ticks have 2 working curved sponges with notches and 1 or 2 handles. Their working range of capture is also small, in some designs is adjustable. They work with these pullers, as with ordinary pliers - they capture the filter, squeeze and turn it away.

The puller with 2 adjustable grippers consists of a thick narrow plate-base, a screw and paws with notches on the working part. The ends of the clamps, having a thread, are moved in the longitudinal slots of the base and fixed in the desired position with a nut. When tightening the screw passing through the thread of the hole in the center of the plate, after it is firmly pressed against the filter, the latter is unscrewed. Belt puller with your own hands - nothing is easier

To make this key with your own hands, you will need a steel hexagon. Its standard size can be 19 or 17 - under the corresponding key, to whom it is more convenient. Cut off the hexagonal rod billet length of about 150 mm or another size. This must be determined by trying on the engine compartment of your own car, so that the puller made is the most convenient to unscrew the filter.

Then along the hexagon in the middle we make the grinder cut through a length of 55–60 mm and a width of 5–6 mm, which must pass through opposite angles of the section and parallel to the side faces of the rod. After that, we process the workpiece on sandpaper - we remove sharp edges and burrs. Taking an old, but intact automotive safety belt, we cut off a piece of the necessary length from it, depending on the diameter of the installed filter. The longer the length of the belt is, the more versatile the puller will turn out, but it will also become less convenient to work with it when unscrewing small cleaners. In general, a piece of 500–550 mm is sufficient.  Making a puller from a car safety belt

Making a puller from a car seat belt

Insert the belt into the slot of the workpiece, align and center it. Then, on the hexagon in front of the belt, we do an equal distance from each other marking for drilling of 3 holes. Remove the belt from the cut. We drill through holes with a diameter of 5.5 mm. After that, from one of the sides we expand the holes to 6.5 mm. Reaming is done only up to the slot. In the holes with a diameter of 5.5 mm using a tap cut thread M6.

We melt both ends of the belt with a cigarette lighter so that they do not open, then we fold them together and thread them into the sawn hexagonal blank opposite the holes. It turned out a loop. The ends of the belt opposite it should protrude approximately 10 mm from the slot. We take a nail, and preferably a steel bar of 6 mm in diameter, heat well and, pushing alternately through 3 openings of the hexagon, burn them with holes in the tape. It should be exactly burned, not holed, so that the belt in these places does not stratify and does not push.  Steel bar for homemade tool

Steel bar for homemade tool

Carefully, in order not to dislodge the loop, put the future puller on the anvil and use a hammer to clamp the belt in the slot. Then we screw 3 bolts into the holes of the hexagon. They must be threaded with M6. The belt filter oil remover, assembled with your own hands, is ready for use. The procedure for working with such a key is as follows. We put a loop on the filter, and then we begin to wind the belt on the hexagon. For loosening, this should be done counterclockwise. When the belt is fully wound, you need to take the key (17 or 19), throw it over the hexagon and unscrew the filter. If the belt variant did not justify itself - do the chain

To make a chain puller with your own hands, you will need a half-inch or inch used pipe with non-rusty, undamaged walls and threads at one end. The length of the piece must not be less than the height of the filter. We select a suitable cap for the pipe so that it is screwed onto its thread. Still need a bicycle chain.  Bicycle Chain and Tube

Bicycle chain and tube

We drill a hole with a diameter of 9 mm in the center of the plug. With the help of a triangular file we give it a square shape with our own hands. Processing is carried out until the hole sizes fit the key-ratchet, or rather, under its limit switch. The latter should enter into the resulting opening of the plug tightly enough, almost without backlash. Screw the cap on the end of the pipe and tighten it very tightly. So that when using the puller does not unscrew, it is recommended to grab it to the pipe by welding.

In extreme cases, you can try to crush the metal at the end of the thread, using a blunt chisel and a hammer, but only carefully so as not to deform the pipe. We make markings on the pipe for drilling holes for the chain. For reliable wrapping of the filter, 2 of its segments, installed on the puller opposite the opposite ends of the cleaner, are sufficient. But you can make a 3rd hole, between 2 extreme, under another 1-chain. In this case, the puller will become more versatile, as it will allow you to unscrew the filters with different sizes in height.  Self-made device for reliable filtering

Homemade device for reliable wrapping filter

Passing the chain through one of the drilled holes in the pipe, we loop it around the filter, trying on how long the pieces will be needed. We measure so much so that the puller in the unclasped state freely puts on the cleaner. You can even make some margin on the length of the chain under filters whose diameter is larger than that installed on the car. But we must bear in mind that it will be less convenient to work with such a puller. We disassemble the chain into separate fragments according to the measured length - we extrude the pins and disconnect the links in this place.

Passing the obtained segments through the holes in the pipe, we make loops of them - we connect the links of the ends and press in pins. To unscrew the filter, we put the puller loops on it and, if necessary, when the chains turn out to be long, manually rotate the pipe counterclockwise, thus selecting the slack. Then we insert the key-ratchet into the plug and with it we begin to dismantle the cleaner.


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